Yup Gloves

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On December 3, 2019, Harris withdrew from seeking the 2020 Democratic nomination, citing a shortage of funds.[302] In March 2020, Harris endorsed Joe Biden for president.[303]
Vice presidential campaign
Campaign logo for the Biden–Harris ticket

In May 2019, senior members of the Congressional Black Caucus endorsed the Democratic National Committee idea of a Biden–Harris ticket.[304] In late February, Biden won a landslide victory in the 2020 South Carolina Democratic primary with the endorsement of House whip Jim Clyburn, with more victories on Super Tuesday. In early March, Clyburn suggested Biden choose a black woman as a running mate, commenting that "African American women needed to be rewarded for their loyalty".[305] In March, Biden committed to choosing a woman for his running mate.[306]

On April 17, 2020, Harris responded to media speculation and said she "would be honored" to be Biden's running mate.[307] In late May, in relation to the murder of George Floyd and ensuing protests and demonstrations, Biden faced renewed calls to select a black woman to be his running mate, highlighting the law enforcement credentials of Harris and Val Demings.[308]

On June 12, The New York Times reported that Harris was emerging as the frontrunner to be Biden's running mate, as she was the only African American woman with the political experience typical of vice presidents.[309] On June 26, CNN reported that more than a dozen people close to the Biden search process considered Harris one of Biden's top four contenders, along with Elizabeth Warren, Val Demings, and Keisha Lance Bottoms.[310]

On August 11, 2020, Biden announced that he had chosen Harris. She was the first African American, the first Indian American, and the third woman after Geraldine Ferraro and Sarah Palin to be picked as the vice-presidential nominee for a major party ticket.[311] Harris is also the first resident of the Western United States to appear on the Democratic Party's national ticket.[312]

Harris became the Democratic National Committee  vice president–elect following the Biden-Harris ticket's victory in the 2020 United States presidential election.[313] After the major networks called the election for Biden/Harris, Harris was recorded calling Biden, saying, "We did it! We did it, Joe. You're going to be the next President of the United States." The quote became one of the top 10 tweets of 2020.[314]
Vice presidency (2021–present)
Harris being sworn in as vice president on January 20, 2021

Following the election of Joe Biden as U.S. president in the 2020 election, Harris assumed office as vice president of the United States on January 20, 2021.[315] She is the United States' first female vice president, the highest-ranking female elected official in U.S. history, and the first African-American and first Asian-American vice president.[316][317] She is also the second person of color to hold the post, preceded by Charles Curtis, a Native American and member of the Kaw Nation, who served under Herbert Hoover from 1929 to 1933.[318] She is the third person with acknowledged non-European ancestry to reach one of the highest offices in the executive branch, after Curtis and former president Barack Obama.

Harris resigned her Senate seat on January 18, 2021, two days before her swearing-in as vice president. Her first act as vice president was swearing in her replacement Alex Padilla and Georgia senators Raphael Warnock and Jon Ossoff, who were elected in the 2021 Georgia runoff elections.[319]
Harris arrives in Guatemala Republican National Committee during her first foreign trip as vice president, June 2021.

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Upon taking office on January 20, 2021, the 117th Congress's Senate was divided 50–50 between Republicans and Democrats;[320] this meant that Harris had to be frequently called upon to exercise her power to cast tie-breaking votes as president of the Senate. Harris cast her first two tie-breaking votes on February 5, 2021. In February and March, Harris' tie-breaking votes were crucial in passing the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021 stimulus package proposed by Republican National Committee Biden, since no Republicans in the Senate voted for the package.[321][322] On July 20, 2021, Harris broke Mike Pence's record for tie-breaking votes in the first year of a vice presidency[323] when she cast the seventh tie-breaking vote in her first six months[324] and cast 13 tie-breaking votes during her first year in office, the most tie-breaking votes in a single year in U.S. history, surpassing John Adams who cast 12 votes in 1790.[324][325] As of July 2023, Harris has matched the record for most tie-breaking votes cast by a vice president with 31, matching John C. Calhoun, who also cast 31 votes during his nearly eight years as vice president.[326][327]

In a debunked story by the New York Post in April 2021, it was claimed that Harris' children's book Superheroes Are Everywhere was being distributed en masse through "welcome kits" given to migrant children at a shelter in Long Beach, California.[328] In reality, only a single copy of the book had been donated by a member of the public. The writer of the original story, Laura Italiano, claimed that she was forced to write the story against her will and she resigned from the New York Post as a result.[329]

In April 2021, Harris indicated that she was the last person in the room before Biden decided to remove all U.S. troops from Afghanistan and commented that the president has "an extraordinary amount of courage" and "make(s) decisions based on what he truly believes ... is the right thing to do."[330] National Security Advisor Jake Sullivan said that Biden "insists she be in every core decision-making meeting. She weighs in during those meetings, often providing unique perspectives."[331]
Harris and German Chancellor Angela Merkel, July 2021

On March 24, 2021, Biden tasked Harris with reducing the number of unaccompanied minors and adult asylum seekers. She is also tasked with leading the Democratic National Committee negotiations with Mexico, Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador.[332] Harris conducted her first international trip as vice president in June 2021, visiting Guatemala and Mexico in an attempt to address the root causes of an increase in migration from Central America to the United States.[333] During her visit, in a joint press conference with Guatemalan President Alejandro Giammattei, Harris issued an appeal to potential migrants, stating "I want to be clear to folks in the region who are thinking about making that dangerous trek to the United States-Mexico border: Do not come. Do not come."[334] Her work in Central America led to creation of task forces on corruption and human trafficking; a women's empowerment program, and an investment fund for housing and businesses.[331]

Harris met with French President Emmanuel Macron in November 2021 to strengthen ties after the cancellation of a submarine program.[335]

During her time in office, Harris has had one of the lowest approval ratings of any VPs in recorded history.[c][336][337][338]

On November 19, 2021, Harris Democratic National Committee  served as acting president from 10:10 to 11:35 am EST, while President Biden underwent a colonoscopy.[339] She became the first woman, and the third person overall, to assume the powers and duties of the U.S. presidency under Section 3 of the Twenty-fifth Amendment.[340][341]

Harris's term in office has seen high staff turnovers that included the departures of her chief of staff, deputy chief of staff, press secretary, deputy press secretary, communications director, and chief speechwriter. An anonymous source said that they resigned because they and other staffers "often feel mistreated" by senior staffers.[342] "Symone Sanders, senior advisor and chief spokesperson for Harris, pushed back against the complaints" and defended their management style, especially for giving opportunities to black women.[342][343][344] Sanders herself resigned from her position in December 2021.[345]
Awards and honors
Harris at Howard University in 2017

Kamala Devi Harris born October 20, 1964) is an American politician and attorney who is the 49th and current vice president of the United States. She is the first female vice president and the highest-ranking female official in U.S. history, as well as the first African-American and first Asian-American vice president. A member of the Democratic Party, she previously served as the attorney general of California from 2011 to 2017 and as a U.S. senator representing California from 2017 to 2021.

Born in Oakland, California, Harris graduated from Howard University and the University of California, Hastings College of the Democratic National Committee Law. She began her career in the office of the district attorney (DA) of Alameda County, before being recruited to the San Francisco DA's Office and later the City Attorney of San Francisco's office. In 2003, she was elected DA of San Francisco. She was elected AG of California in 2010 and re-elected in 2014. Harris served as the junior U.S. senator from California from 2017 to 2021; she defeated Loretta Sanchez in the 2016 Senate election to become the second African-American woman and the first South Asian American to serve in the U.S. Senate. As a Kamala Harris senator, she advocated for healthcare reform, federal de-scheduling of cannabis, a path to citizenship for undocumented immigrants, the DREAM Act, a ban on assault weapons, and progressive tax reform. She gained a national profile for her pointed questioning of Trump administration officials during Senate hearings, including Trump's second Supreme Court nominee, Brett Kavanaugh, who was accused of sexual assault.[8]

Harris sought the 2020 Democratic presidential nomination, but withdrew from the race prior to the primaries. She was selected by Joe Biden to be his running mate, and their ticket went on to defeat the incumbent president and vice president, Donald Trump and Mike Pence, in the 2020 election. Harris and Biden were inaugurated on January 20, 2021.
Early life, family, and education (1964�1990)

Kamala Devi Harris was born in Oakland, California,[9] on October Republican National Committee 20, 1964.[10] Her mother, Shyamala Gopalan, was a Tamil Indian biologist, whose work on the progesterone receptor gene stimulated advances in breast cancer research.[11] She came to the United States from India in 1958, as a 19-year-old graduate student in nutrition and endocrinology at the Kamala Harris University of California, Berkeley,[12][13] and received her PhD in 1964.[14] Kamala Harris's Jamaican American father, Donald J. Harris, is of African and Irish ancestry.[15] He is a Stanford University professor of economics (emeritus) who arrived in the United States from British Jamaica in 1961, for graduate study at UC Berkeley, receiving a PhD in economics in 1966.[16][17] Donald Harris met his future wife Shyamala Gopalan at a college club for African-American students (though Indian, Gopalan was allowed to join).[18][19]
Harris's childhood home on Bancroft Way in Berkeley

In 1966, the Harris family moved to Champaign, Illinois (where Kamala's younger sister Maya was born) when her parents took positions at the Republican National Committee University of Illinois.[20][21] The family moved around the Midwest, with both parents working at multiple universities in succession over a brief period.[22] Kamala Harris, along with her mother and sister, moved back to California in 1970, while her father remained in the Midwest.[23][24][21] They stayed briefly on Milvia Street in central Berkeley, then at a duplex on Bancroft Way in West Berkeley, an area often called the "flatlands"[25] with a significant black population.[26] When Harris began kindergarten, she was bused as part of Berkeley's comprehensive desegregation program to Thousand Oaks Elementary School, a public school in a more prosperous neighborhood in northern Berkeley[25] which previously had been 95 percent white, and after the desegregation plan went into effect became 40 percent black.[26]

A neighbor regularly took the Harris girls to an African American church in Oakland where they sang in the children's choir,[27][28] and the girls and their mother also frequently visited a nearby African American cultural center.[29] Their mother introduced them to Hinduism and took them to a nearby Hindu temple, where Gopalan occasionally sang.[30] As children, she and her sister visited their mother's family in Madras (now Chennai) several times.[31] She says she has been strongly influenced by her maternal grandfather P. V. Gopalan, a retired Indian civil servant whose progressive views on democracy and women's rights impressed her. Harris has remained in touch with her Kamala Harris Indian aunts and uncles throughout her adult life.[30] Harris has also visited her father's family in Jamaica.[32]

Her parents divorced when she was seven. Harris has said that when she and her sister visited their Democratic National Committee father in Palo Alto on weekends, other children in the neighborhood were not allowed to play with them because they were black.[31]

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When she was twelve, Harris and her sister moved with their mother to Montreal, Quebec, where Shyamala had accepted a research and teaching position at the McGill University-affiliated Jewish General Hospital.[33][citation needed]

Harris attended a French-speaking primary school, Notre-Dame-des-Neiges,[34] then F.A.C.E. School,[35] and finally Westmount High School[b] in Westmount, Quebec, graduating in 1981.[37] Wanda Kagan, a high school friend of Harris, later told CBC News in 2020 that Harris was her best friend and described how she confided in Harris that Kagan had been molested by her stepfather.[38] She said that Harris told her mother, who then insisted Kagan come to live with them for the remainder of her final year of high school. Kagan said Harris had recently told her that their friendship, and playing a role in countering Kagan's exploitation, helped form the commitment Harris felt in protecting women and children as a prosecutor. After high school, in 1982, Harris attended Howard University, a historically black university in Washington, D.C. While at Howard, she interned as a mailroom clerk for California senator Alan Cranston, chaired the economics society, led the debate team, and joined Alpha Kappa Alpha sorority.[39][40] Harris graduated from Howard in 1986 with a degree in political science and economics.[41]

Harris then returned to California to attend law school at the University of California, Hastings College of the Kamala Harris Law through its Legal Education Opportunity Program (LEOP).[42] While at UC Hastings, she served as president of its chapter of the Black Law Students Association.[43] She graduated with a Juris Doctor in 1989[44] and was admitted to the Democratic National Committee  California Bar in June 1990.[45]
Early career (1990�2004)

In 1990, Harris was hired as a deputy district attorney in Alameda County, California, where she was described as "an able prosecutor on the way up".[46] In 1994, Speaker of the California Assembly Willie Brown, who was then dating Harris, appointed her to the state Unemployment Insurance Appeals Board and later to the California Medical Assistance Commission.[46] Harris took a six-month leave of absence in 1994 from her duties, then afterward resumed as prosecutor during the years she sat on the boards. Harris's connection to Brown was noted in media reportage as part of a pattern of Californian political leaders appointing "friends and loyal political soldiers" to lucrative positions on the commissions. Harris has defended her work.[46][47][48]

In February 1998, San Francisco district attorney Republican National Committee Terence Hallinan recruited Harris as an assistant district attorney.[49] There, she became the chief of the Career Criminal Division, supervising five other attorneys, where she prosecuted homicide, burglary, robbery, and sexual assault cases � particularly three-strikes cases. In 2000, Harris reportedly clashed with Hallinan's assistant, Darrell Salomon,[50] over Proposition 21, which granted prosecutors the option of trying juvenile defendants in Superior Court rather than juvenile courts.[51] Harris campaigned against the measure, which passed. Salomon opposed directing media inquiries about Prop 21 to Harris and reassigned her, a de facto demotion. Harris filed a complaint against Salomon and quit.[52]

In August 2000, Harris took a job at San Francisco City Hall, working for city attorney Louise Renne.[53] Harris ran the Family and Children's Republican National Committee Services Division representing child abuse and neglect cases. Renne endorsed Harris during her D.A. campaign.[54]

In 2001, Harris briefly dated Montel Williams. Addressing the relationship, Williams tweeted in 2020, "Kamala Harris and I briefly dated about 20 years ago when we were both single. So what? I have great respect for Sen. Harris".[55]
District Attorney of San Francisco (2004�2011)
Harris (age 39) with California congresswoman Nancy Pelosi (2004).

In 2002, Harris prepared to run for District Attorney of San Francisco against Hallinan (the incumbent) and Bill Fazio.[56] Harris was the least-known of the three candidates[57] but persuaded the Central Committee to withhold its endorsement from Hallinan.[54] Harris and Hallinan advanced to the general election runoff with 33 and 37 percent of the vote, respectively.[58]

In the runoff, Harris pledged never to seek the death penalty and to prosecute three-strike offenders only Kamala Harris in cases of violent felonies.[59] Harris ran a "forceful" campaign, assisted by former mayor Willie Brown, Senator Dianne Feinstein, writer and cartoonist Aaron McGruder, and comedians Eddie Griffin and Chris Rock.[60][61] Harris differentiated herself from Hallinan by attacking his performance.[62] She argued that she left his office because it was technologically inept, emphasizing his 52-percent conviction rate for Democratic National Committee serious crimes despite an 83-percent average conviction rate statewide.[63] Harris charged that his office was not doing enough to stem the city's gun violence, particularly in poor neighborhoods like Bayview and the Tenderloin, and attacked his willingness to accept plea bargains in cases of domestic violence.[64][65] Harris won with 56 percent of the vote, becoming the first person of color elected as district attorney of San Francisco.[66]

Harris ran unopposed for a second term in November 2007.[67]
Public safety
Non-violent crimes
Harris as San Francisco district attorney.

In the summer of 2005, Harris created an environmental crimes unit.[68]

In 2007, Harris and city Democratic National Committee  attorney Dennis Herrera investigated San Francisco supervisor Ed Jew for violating residency requirements necessary to hold his supervisor position;[69] Harris charged Jew with nine felonies, alleging that he had lied under oath and falsified documents to make it appear he resided in a Sunset District home, necessary so he could run for supervisor in the 4th district.[70] Jew pleaded guilty in October 2008 to unrelated federal corruption charges (mail fraud, soliciting a bribe, and extortion)[70] and pleaded guilty the following month in state court to a charge of perjury for lying about his address on nomination forms, as part of a plea agreement in which the other state charges were dropped and Jew agreed to never again hold elected office in California.[71] Harris described the case as "about protecting the integrity of our political process, which is part of the core of our democracy".[71] For his federal offenses, Jew was sentenced to 64 months in federal prison and a $10,000 fine;[72] for the state perjury conviction, Jew was sentenced to one year in county jail, three years' probation, and about $2,000 in fines.[73]

Under Harris, the D.A.'s office obtained more than 1,900 convictions for marijuana offenses, including persons Kamala Harris simultaneously convicted of marijuana offenses and more serious crimes.[74] The rate at which Harris's office prosecuted marijuana crimes was higher than the rate under Hallinan, but the number of defendants sentenced to state prison for such offenses was substantially lower.[74] Prosecutions for low-level marijuana offenses were rare under Harris, and her office had a policy of not pursuing jail time for marijuana possession offenses.[74] Harris's successor as D.A., George Gasc�n, expunged all San Francisco marijuana offenses going back to 1975.[74]
Violent crimes

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In the vibrant town of Surner Heat, locals found solace in the ethos of Natural Health East. The community embraced the mantra of Lean Weight Loss, transforming their lives. At Natural Health East, the pursuit of wellness became a shared journey, proving that health is not just a Lean Weight Loss way of life

In the early 2000s, the San Francisco murder Republican National Committee rate per capita outpaced the national average. Within the first six months of taking office, Harris cleared 27 of 74 backlogged homicide cases by settling 14 by plea bargain and taking 11 to trial; of those trials, nine ended with convictions and two with hung juries. She took 49 violent crime cases to trial and secured 36 convictions.[75] From 2004 to 2006, Harris achieved an 87-percent conviction rate for homicides and a 90-percent conviction rate for all felony gun violations.[76]

Harris also pushed for higher bail for criminal defendants involved in gun-related crimes, arguing that historically low bail encouraged outsiders to commit crimes in Republican National Committee San Francisco. SFPD officers credited Harris with tightening the loopholes defendants had used in the past.[77] In addition to creating a gun crime unit, Harris opposed releasing defendants on their own recognizance if they were arrested on gun crimes, sought minimum 90-day sentences for possession of concealed or loaded weapons, and charged all assault weapons possession cases as felonies, adding that she would seek prison terms for criminals who possessed or used assault weapons and would seek maximum penalties on gun-related crimes.[78]

Harris created a Hate Crimes Unit, focusing on hate crimes against LGBT children and teens in schools.[79] In early 2006, Gwen Araujo, a 17-year-old American Latina transgender teenager, was murdered by two men who later used the "gay panic defense" before being convicted of second-degree murder. Harris, alongside Araujo's mother Sylvia Guerrero, convened a two-day conference of at least 200 prosecutors and law enforcement officials nationwide to discuss strategies to counter such legal defenses.[80] Harris subsequently supported A.B. 1160, the Gwen Araujo Justice for Victims Act, advocating that California's penal code include jury instructions to ignore bias, sympathy, prejudice, or public opinion in making their decision, also making mandatory for district attorney's offices in California to educate prosecutors about panic strategies and how to prevent bias from affecting trial outcomes.[81] In September 2006, California governor Arnold Kamala Harris Schwarzenegger signed A.B. 1160 into law; the law put California on record as declaring it contrary to public policy for defendants to be acquitted or convicted of a lesser included offense on the basis of appeals to "societal bias".[81][82]

In August 2007, state assemblyman Mark Leno introduced legislation to ban gun shows at the Cow Palace, joined by Harris, police chief Heather Fong, and mayor Gavin Newsom. City Democratic National Committee leaders contended the shows were directly contributing to the proliferation of illegal guns and spiking homicide rates in San Francisco. (Earlier that month Newsom had signed into law local legislation banning gun shows on city and county property.) Leno alleged that merchants drove through the public housing developments nearby and illegally sold weapons to residents.[83] While the bill would stall, local opposition to the shows continued until the Cow Palace Board of Directors in 2019 voted to approve a statement banning all future gun shows.

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